Resource efficiency

Recent cevelopments

Environment ministers will decide in October 2014 whether to support the inclusion of a resource efficiency goal in the Europe 2020 strategy, which means member states' efforts would be monitored annually by the European Commission.


Resource efficiency means using the Earth's limited resources in a sustainable manner. Growing global demand is increasing pressure on the environment, and competition for many resources is increasing. Using resources more efficiently has clear economic benefits for companies: it improves productivity, reduces costs and enhances competitiveness, creating employment opportunities.

Europe 2020 is the EU's growth strategy for the coming decade, pushing the EU to become a smart, sustainable and inclusive economy. Under the Europe 2020 strategy the flagship initiative for a resource-efficient Europe points the way towards sustainable growth and supports a shift towards a resource-efficient, low-carbon economy.

One of the building blocks of this initiative is the European Commission's Roadmap for a resource-efficient Europe, a Communication adopted on 20 September 2011.

The Roadmap builds upon and complements the other initiatives under the resource efficiency flagship, in particular the policy achievements towards a low carbon economy. It also takes into account progress made on the 2005 Thematic Strategy on the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources and the EU's strategy on sustainable development.

The Resource Efficiency Roadmap provides a framework in which future actions can be designed and implemented coherently. It sets out a vision for the structural and technological change needed up to 2050, with milestones to be reached by 2020. These milestones illustrate what will be needed to put Europe on a path to resource efficient and sustainable growth.

Related news articles:

26 April 2012: European Parliament: Maximise resources to benefit economy and environment

12 October 2011: Resource efficiency - different approaches across Europe

20 September 2011: EC launches "Roadmap for a resource-efficient Europe"

Resource efficiency
Resource efficiency