Energy Efficiency Directive

EHI position and engagement

EHI, representing the sector with the highest energy savings potential in the built environment, is particularly committed to the timely and consistent implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) across Europe.

In particular, the European Commission and Member States should focus on the following key aspects of the legislation in order to ensure the potential of the heating industry is met:

  • Ensure a coherent and hamonised implementation of the directive, especially in line with the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive, to avoid overlaps and legal uncertainty
  • Ensure ambitious refurbishment plans for private and public buildings, as well as promote replacement of inefficient equipment inside buildings
  • Include the potential of efficient individual heating and cooling solutions as part of the comprehensive assessments that Member States have to draw up on cogeneration and district heating
  • Strive to remove barriers and facilitate appropriate conditions for the installation of high-efficiency cogeneration from small-scale and micro-cogeneration units across Europe, and especially simplify and shorten authorisation procedures for individual citizens and installers.

Recent developments

In order to support Member States in their transposition and implementation efforts, the Commission adopted on 6 November 2013 a Communication and seven guidance notes covering nine articles of the Energy Efficiency Directive (Articles 5, 6, 7, 8, 9–11, 14 and 15). One of the guidance notes (Article 14) focuses on the "Promotion of efficiency in heating and cooling".


All Member States have notified the Commission of their national indicative energy efficiency targets pursuant to Article 3 of the EED in time. All Member States complied with this requirement and the information notified can be found here.

Legislative framework

On 25 October 2012, the EU adopted the Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency. This Directive establishes a common framework of measures for the promotion of energy efficiency within the Union in order to ensure the achievement of the Union’s 2020 20 % headline target on energy efficiency and to pave the way for further energy efficiency improvements beyond that date.

National energy efficiency target
▪ Establishment of indicative national energy efficiency target to be notified to the Commission, taking into account the national circumstances affecting primary energy consumption and the Union’s energy objectives.

Renovation of building stock
▪ Establishment of a national long-term strategy for mobilising investment in the renovation of the national stock of residential and commercial buildings, both public and private.
▪ Renovation of 3 % per year of the central government building stock, with buildings with poorest energy performance as a priority.

Energy efficiency in the public procurement
▪ Requirement of high energy-efficiency performance in the purchase by the Government of products, services and buildings.  

National energy efficiency obligation scheme
▪ Establishment of national energy efficiency obligation scheme. Energy distributors and retails energy sale companies to save 1,5% of the annual energy sales to final customers each year.

Promotion of energy audits
▪ Enterprises to be subject to energy audit, to be carried by 5 December 2015 and every 5 months thereafter.  Energy audit can be carried out by qualified and/or accredited experts or implemented and supervised by an independent authority.
▪ Possibility of Member States to set up support schemes for SMEs to cover costs of energy audits.

Major energy savings for consumers
▪ Customers to be supplied with individual meters that reflect their energy consumption and provide information thereof.
▪ Customers to be provided with accurate billing information on energy consumption free of charge.

Promotion of high-efficiency cogeneration and efficient district heating and cooling
▪ Member States to carry out a comprehensive assessment of the potential for the application of high-efficiency cogeneration and efficient district heating and cooling.  In the event of a positive assessment, obligation of Member States to develop infrastructure for efficient district heating and cooling and accommodate the development of high-efficiency cogeneration and the use of heating and cooling from waste heat and renewable energy sources.

Energy efficiency in energy transformation, transmission and distribution
▪ Achieving efficiency gains by ensuring that national energy regulators take energy efficiency criteria into account in their decisions, in particular when approving network tariffs.

European Commission’s assessment on Member States’ progress
▪ By June 2014 Commission assessment as to whether the Union is on track to achieve the 2020 energy efficiency target.